PRP or platelet Rich plasma therapy is gaining popularity day by day as it has tremendous scope of its use in variety of cases. PRP was introduced in the 1950s and is currently used in multiple fields of medicine. PRP since now has been used successfully in varity of cases such as Orthopedics, Traumatology, Hair loss, Skin rejuvenation, Face lift, scars removal, penile erection dysfunction(P-Shot) and vaginal tightening process(O-Shot) etc. Scientists are still exploring the vast scope of PRP to use with other medical treatments available.
PRP treatments can enhance hair restoration and other cosmetic plastic surgery procedures. Mainly three types of cell are present our blood red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets. The platelets are the one which contain growth factors that can trigger cell proliferation, speed healing and stimulate tissue regeneration in the treated area.
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PRP treatment has been used since decades to improve wound healing in trauma and joint injury. The technique is also helpful in male and female pattern baldness. PRP stimulates the growth of hair transplants and enhances their survival.
Three to four sessions are required depending upon the area to be treated and the severity of the condition. The results of PRP treatment are most noticeable only after at least six months, and are not permanent; patients may require touch-up injections at least once a year.
Because the treatments use a patient’s own tissues, PRP injections are safe and can be administered alone or used in conjunction with other medicines.
Pre PRP Instructions:
The patient should describe to the doctor of any prescriptions or any medications the patient is using for other problems.
It is important to follow the doctor’s instructions regarding medications that prolong bleeding, such as aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen or blood thinners. Acetaminophen is fine for pain killer after treatment but ask your doctor before taking it.
The day PRP is to be done to treat hair loss, the patient should wash their hair with a medicated shampoo the day of treatment, and do not use any products on the hair.
Because PRP therapy involves drawing blood, it is important for the patient to eat a healthy meal before the procedure.
First, the doctor will draw blood from the patient’s arm and then prepare the PRP from it.
After applying numbing cream or injecting lidocaine to numb the treatment area, the doctor carefully injects the PRP into multiple places under the skin. The platelets break down and release their growth factors, which trigger the natural processes of cell proliferation and tissue renewal.
The procedure itself takes about 30-45 minutes, and most people can resume their normal activities immediately afterward.
Post PRP instructions:
The patient should avoid washing the treatment area or using any cosmetic products over treated area for 48 hours. After that, it is all right to use hair and skin care products and continue with topical medications.
The treatment area may be sore for two or three days, and the patient may notice some bruising. Acetaminophen can help ease discomfort. In case of severe pain, the patient should notify the doctor’s office right away.
Hair dye or coloring treatments can resume one week after PRP treatment.
The effect of treatment is most noticeable only after at least six months. Repeated sessions may be necessary to maintain the improvement in hair growth and texture.
PRP Therapy, Hair Loss and Hair Transplants
PRP therapy is becoming a popular complement to hair transplants. PRP can help accelerate the growth of transplanted hair roots while also thickening existing hair.
Recent studies have suggested that applying PRP to the scalp can cure androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness). Complex baldness problems may require getting once-a-month PRP treatments for four to six months.
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