Bacteria find their way into your mouth from many different sources. Over time, bacteria forms layers called plaque over parts of your teeth.
Why are fillings necessary?
Cavities can be painful!
Every day that you let this bacteria live in your mouth, they release acid. This acid wears your teeth down and causes decay.In time, tooth decay will cause holes in your teeth. That’s what cavities are. Your teeth cannot repair themselves from cavities but dentists can help.

How are fillings done?
Fillings are simple in concept.
After a teeth cleaning to remove plaque buildup,
A drill is used to follow the path made by bacteria. All bacteria will be drilled out.
The hole in the tooth is refilled by a hard, tooth-like barrier. The material used in fillings can be selected by yourself or your dentist.
The barrier keeps more bacteria from re-entering the hole, where brushing can’t affect it.
Before drilling, yours dentist will numb your tooth to make the procedure painless. This will commonly be accomplished with the use of a numbing gel, then an anesthetic shot so the drill won’t hurt.
After having a tooth filled, your mouth will likely be numb for a few hours. The feeling is unusual, but not at all bad. If you’ve never experienced it before, you’ll enjoy exploring that part of your mouth with your tongue, not feeling a thing.
Why are fillings so scary?
Because of the shot and the drill. Everyone knows the sound of a dentists drill whining. And yes, it used to hurt. Even as recently as thirty years ago,
anesthetic and application techniques were still a little uncertain.
Presently, the science of painkillers has reached a high level of technological expertise. Most customers are not actually afraid of pain from the drill… they’re afraid of pain from the shot used to deliver the painkiller!
Pain during the shot is closely related to the skills of the dentist. Empathy is just as important as technical expertise. If your dentist believes that shots do not have to be painful, he will work conscientiously towards the goal of making shots painless. He should tell you exactly what to expect, and use the technique that will work best for you. Common techniques involve drying the area, using numbing gel, or small distractions for the patient.
And remember, whether the shot hurts a little, a lot, or not at all, it’s very likely to be the only pain you’ll experience in your whole stay at your dentist. You’ll feel the pressure of the drill, you’ll hear the whine, and you’ll likely smell the tooth being whisked away but it won’t hurt.
Types of fillings
A newer technology that resembles modelling clay, composite fillings are synthetic resins that become tooth-colored when hardened. No controversy surrounds the use of composite fillings, but it’s well known that a composite will not last as long as an amalgam filling. The technology continues to improve, so it is likely that composite fillings will someday equal or exceed amalgam fillings . Dental will respect the wishes of its clients, and offers these pro and con resources for the curious (We take no responsibilty for the opinions expressed in these articles)
A General Dentists Duties:
The treatments usually performed by a general dentist will be:
Fillings: Cavities and similar problems are common, and fall squarely into the domain of the general dentist. Fillings keep cavities from developing into worse issues, and can also keep teeth looking their best. Common types of fillings are gold, amalgam, mercury, porcelain, or composite resin.
Root Canal: When the pulp of a tooth becomes infected, a root canal is needed. A dentist will drill down into the infected area and remove the bacteria and infected tissue. Most general dentists are comfortable performing this procedure, but if not, a specialist will be recommended.
Dental Bridge: Bridges are constructed for those with missing teeth. They consist of false teeth, held in place by crowns which fit over the real teeth surrounding the gap. Again, most general dentists will perform this procedure, but bridging specialists can also be found.
Crowns: Teeth that are broken but uninfected can be capped to prevent further damage. The caps are called crowns.
Dentures: For those missing several teeth, enough that a bridge will not work, dentures might be needed. Dentures can comprise an entire set of teeth, or just the teeth that are needed.
General teeth cleaning
Teeth Cleaning: A common service that falls clearly in the purview of the general dentist is dental cleaning. Even the best brushing and flossing habits can’t keep back all the plaque and debris that builds up in and around teeth.
Bonding: The process of attaching a veneer or similar substance to a tooth is called bonding. This procedure often falls to the specialist in cosmetic dentistry, however, most general dentists are more than able to complete it.
Oral Treatments: The addition of dental implants or handling of syndromes like TMJ are considered oral treatments. Most general dentists are well versed in these areas of practice.
X-rays: The more information a general dentist has about the workings of a patient’s teeth and gums, the better. Fast and safe x-rays are a first step for most dentists.

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