What is Gum Disease and how to prevent it !

What is Gum Disease and how to prevent it !

Gum disease ( Gingivitis ) is an inflammation of the gum tissue that affect the bone (that surrounds and support your teeth). It usually start with the redness of gums and then swelling and tend to bleed during tooth brushing or chewing hard food like apple,guava etc. This inflammatory response can cause serious damage if left untreated. If you have gum disease, Your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth or have bad breath. This is the early stage of gum disease, known as Gingivitis.

Poor brushing and flossing causes a sticky thin film of bacteria and food debris to form over the teeth. over the period of time This tin film increases in thickness and start calcifying over the gum line and hardens to form Calculus and Tarter.
Hence led to cause inflammation in the nearby gums and result them to bleed.

If Left untreated this infection can lead to abscess formation as well as gum loss, bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
Certain medical condition, prescription drugs,hormonal changes (especially in pregnancy) and poor nutrition also causes gingival inflammation and gums bleeding. For knowing the exact causes visit to your dentist as soon as possible.

Gum disease are usually painless, so less importance are given to them but remember slow damage over the period of time result in big losses.

common sign of gum disease are;
1. Mild bleeding gums during brushing or flossing.
2. Swollen , tender or redness of gums
3. Bad breath
4. Teeth feel loose or like they’re separating/drifting
5. Receded gums( gums that have pulled away from teeth)


  • The inflammation from gum disease results in bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
  • Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss for the majority of adults.
  • Research has shown that there is direct correlation between oral health problems such as gum disease to many health conditions like heart disease, kidney disease and diabetes.


You may can prevent gum diseases by following some simple steps in daily basis-

  1. Brushing your teeth twice in a day( night brushing is must).
  2. Flossing your teeth everyday twice in a day.
  3. Using a antiseptic mouth wash that also can help to reduce plaque formation.
  4. Age,smoking, diet and genetics can all increase your risk for gum disease, if you are at on increased risk , be sure to talk with your dentist.

Thanks & Regards
Dr Shemyla & Dr Neha Gaur

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